Proper lawn seeding starts with the selection of the particular grass seed you want to use. The grass type that you desire will of course determine this. You will then need to identify the best time to seed. Actually the type of seed you select will dictate the ideal time for seeding it.
The supplier of your grass seed will be able to advice you on the best time to seed, being an expert in the grass type you will have purchased. They will also know the best time for starting lawns in your area.
There are obvious times when lawn seeding is obviously not practical. For example seeding would be impossible when the ground is frozen. Most of summer would be less than ideal for starting a new lawn simply because extreme heat will easily dry out the lawn before it can sprout properly.
Usually the best times to seed a lawn would be either early fall or early spring.
Before you reach a decision on the grass type for your brand new lawn, check with your county extension to determine which grass types are best for your particular area.
Before seeding or overseeding your lawn, it is important to carefully prepare the ground. Remove all weeds and any signs of a previous lawn if any. It is imperative to ensure that your remove everything from your proposed lawn area, complete with the roots.
As you do this, break up the compacted soil. A good way of doing this is by using a tiller which can be rented out from most local rental centers across the country.
The next thing you will need to do is to spread starter fertilizer over your proposed lawn. Starter fertilizer is usually high in phosphorus. You will also need to spread out a soil conditioner over the lawn soil. Good quality compost will do just as well as a soil conditioner as they do exactly the same job.
After completing this task, you will need to use the tiller again to till both the fertilizer and conditioner into the soil. Always remember that good soil preparation is critical for successful lawn seeding.
Once tilling is complete, it is time to rake the soil and level it out and then follow up with a roller to level the ground. Rollers can also be rented out just like tillers. You should also water the soil lightly.
Next, it is time to spread the lawn seed. For this you will need a seed spreader. Carefully follow the recommended seeding rate. The best way to do this is to seed the entire area 4 times. Make an effort to ensure that the spreading is as even as possible. You can the rake lightly so as to cover the lawn seed with a thin layer of soil. Finally you will need the roller again only this time it will need to be much lighter, so you will have to empty out the water from the drum in the roller.
Now all you will require to do is to ensure that the lawn seeds are watered properly so as to germinate easily. Do not flood the lawn soil but you should ensure that the soil is kept evenly moist. This means that a fine spray is good enough. However you will may need to water several times in a day to keep the lawn soil moist.
A useful trick to use here is to cover the seeded area with clear sheets of polyethylene plastic. This covering will keep the moisture in the soil and will eliminate the need for you to constantly water the lawn soil. You should keep the edges of the plastic sheets firmly on the ground with small rocks or stakes.
Take great care to remove the polyethylene cover immediately the grass begins to sprout. If you do not do this, it will kill all the seeds.
Even after the grass sprouts, you will still need to water your lawn several times every day. If the time to do this is a constraint on your part, then this is probably the ideal opportunity to invest in an automatic irrigation system.